Qué es el Formulario W-2

Updated for Tax Year 2017


OVERVIEW

Un Formulario W-2 muestra la cantidad de impuestos retenidos de tu sueldo durante el año y se utiliza para presentar tu declaración de impuestos federales y estatales. Aquí encontrarás los conceptos básicos del mismo.


Introducción

Qué es el Formulario W-2

El IRS (siglas en inglés de Servicio de Impuestos Internos) requiere que los empleadores reporten la información de sueldos y salarios de los empleados en el Formulario W-2. Tu W-2 también informa el monto de los impuestos federales, estatales y otros retenidos de tu cheque de pago. Como empleado, la información en tu formulario W-2 es extremadamente importante para la preparación de tu declaración de impuestos. Para asegurarte de tenerlo a tiempo, el IRS requiere que tu empleador te envíe un formulario W-2 antes del 31 de enero siguiente al cierre del ejercicio fiscal, que suele ser 31 de diciembre.

2016 W-2

W-2: salarios y retenciones

Sólo debes recibir un Formulario W-2 si eres un empleado. Si eres un contratista independiente o por cuenta propia, el trabajo que haces puede ser el mismo que el de un empleado, pero recibirás un informe de ingresos en el Formulario 1099 en lugar de un Formulario W-2.

El Formulario W-2 está dividido en casilleros que informan diversos temas relacionados con tus ingresos. En el recuadro 1 del Formulario W-2 se encuentra tu salario anual y el pago de salarios con el monto del impuesto federal retenido en el recuadro 2.

Debido a que sólo una parte de tus ingresos están sujetos a impuestos del Seguro Social, es posible que el cuadro 3 reporte una cantidad menor al total de los salarios del año. Otros casilleros del Formulario W-2 incluyen los salarios sujetos a impuestos de Medicare, impuestos del Seguro Social que son retenidos y la información sobre la retención de tu impuesto estatal sobre la renta, si corresponde.

Importancia de la retención de impuestos

Cuando el empleador retiene parte de tu sueldo para los impuestos federales sobre la renta, dichos importes se remiten al IRS durante todo el año. Puede que no te des cuenta, pero en la mayoría de los casos, no puedes esperar hasta 15 de abril para pagar tu cuenta fiscal en su conjunto. El IRS requiere que todos hagan pagos periódicos durante todo el año; sin embargo, tu empleador se hace cargo de esto por ti.

Al preparar tu declaración federal y calcular tu impuesto para el año, el importe de la retención que realizó tu empleador y que figura en el W-2 debe ser restado de tu cuenta de impuestos. Una vez que realices este cálculo, sabrás si debe esperar un reembolso o pagar un impuesto adicional. Si presentas una declaración de impuestos sobre los ingresos del estado, el mismo cálculo es necesario para el importe retenido destinado a pagar tus impuestos estatales.

Verificación de tu nombre y número de Seguro Social

La sección de información de identificación de la W-2 es esencialmente una función de seguimiento. Si el ingreso que informas en tu declaración de impuestos no coincide con la información de tu Formulario W-2, el IRS va a querer saber por qué. Del mismo modo, el IRS comparará los montos de los pagos reportados con los montos del formulario de declaración de impuestos de tu empleador para corroborar su exactitud.

Pero lo más importante es que, debido a que el IRS recibe una copia de tu Formulario W-2, ya sabe si debes impuestos y puede contactarte si no presentas una declaración de impuestos. Si el nombre o número de Seguro Social de tu Formulario W-2 es incorrecto, debes informarlo inmediatamente a tu empleador para que lo corrija.

Adjuntando tu W-2

Al terminar tus declaraciones de impuestos y prepararlas para presentarlas, recuerda que una copia de tu W-2 siempre debe estar adjunta. Si estás utilizando el servicio e-file a través de TurboTax, entonces la información de tu W-2 es enviada junto con tu declaración de impuestos. Sin embargo, si presentas tu declaración de impuestos por correo debes recordar colocar una copia junto con tu declaración.

Get every deduction you deserve

TurboTax Deluxe searches more than 350 tax deductions and credits so you get your maximum refund, guaranteed.

For only $59.99$39.99*
Start for Free

Looking for more information?

* Important Offer Details and Disclosures
  • TURBOTAX ONLINE/MOBILE

  • Try for Free/Pay When You File:TurboTax online and mobile pricing is based on your tax situation and varies by product. $0 federal (for simple tax returns) + $0 state + $0 to file offer only available with TurboTax Free Edition; offer may change or end at any time without notice. Actual prices are determined at the time of print or e-file and are subject to change without notice. Savings and price comparisons based on anticipated price increase. Special discount offers may not be valid for mobile in-app purchases.
  • QuickBooks Self-Employed Offer with TurboTax Self-Employed and TurboTax Live Self-Employed: To receive your complimentary subscription to QuickBooks Self-Employed through 4/30/20, you must pay for your 2018 TurboTax Self-Employed or TurboTax Live return by 4/15/19 and sign-in and access your QuickBooks Self-Employed account via mobile app or at https://selfemployed.intuit.com/turbotax at least twice by 7/15/19. You will have the option of renewing your QuickBooks Self-Employed subscription by 4/30/20 for another year at the then-current subscription rate. You may cancel your subscription at any time from within the QuickBooks Self-Employed billing section. See QuickBooks.com for price comparison. Offer not valid for existing QuickBooks Self-Employed subscribers already on a payment plan.
  • Pays for itself (TurboTax Self-Employed): Estimates based on deductible business expenses calculated at the self-employment tax income rate (15.3%) for tax year 2018. Actual results will vary based on your tax situation.
  • Anytime, anywhere: Internet access required; standard data rates apply to download and use mobile app.
  • Fastest refund possible: Fastest tax refund with e-file and direct deposit; tax refund time frames will vary.
  • TurboTax Live Reviews: Displayed reviews are for the TurboTax Live standalone service from Tax Year 2017 and not for the new Turbo Tax product / TurboTax Live bundle available for Tax Year 2018.
  • Pay for TurboTax out of your federal refund: A $X.XX Refund Processing Service fee applies to this payment method. Prices are subject to change without notice.
  • TurboTax Help and Support: Access to a TurboTax specialist is included with TurboTax Deluxe, Premier, Self-Employed and TurboTax Live; not included with Free Edition (but is available as an upgrade). TurboTax specialists are available to provide general customer help and support using the TurboTax product. SmartLook on-screen help is available on a PC, laptop or the TurboTax mobile app. Service, area of expertise, experience levels, wait times, hours of operation and availability vary, and are subject to restriction and change without notice.
  • Tax Advice, Expert Review and TurboTax Live: Access to tax advice and Expert Review (the ability to have a Tax Expert review and/or sign your tax return) is included with TurboTax Live or as an upgrade from another version, and available through December 31, 2019. These services are provided only by credentialed CPAs, EAs or tax attorneys. Some tax topics or situations may not be included as part of this service, which shall be determined in the tax expert’s sole discretion. In the event your return is reviewed by a tax expert and requires a significant level of tax advice or actual preparation, the tax expert may be required to sign your return as the preparer at which point they will assume primary responsibility for the preparation of your return (payment by the federal refund not available when tax expert signs your return). On-screen help is available on a desktop, laptop or the TurboTax mobile app. Unlimited access to TurboTax Live CPAs and EAs refers to an unlimited quantity of contacts available to each customer, but does not refer to hours of operation or service coverage. Service, area of expertise, experience levels, wait times, hours of operation and availability vary, and are subject to restriction and change without notice.
  • Tax Return Access, Smart Insights and My Docs features: Included with TurboTax Deluxe, Premier, Self-Employed, TurboTax Live or with PLUS benefits. Access to all tax-related documents we have on file for you is available through 10/31/2020. Terms and conditions may vary and are subject to change without notice.
  • Easy Online Amend: Included with TurboTax Deluxe, Premier, Self-Employed, TurboTax Live or with PLUS benefits. Make changes to your 2018 tax return online for up to 3 years after it has been filed and accepted by the IRS through 10/31/2021. Terms and conditions may vary and are subject to change without notice.
  • #1 best-selling tax software: Based on aggregated sales data for all tax year 2017 TurboTax products.
  • Most Popular: TurboTax Deluxe is our most popular product among TurboTax Online users with more complex tax situations.
  • CompleteCheck: Covered under the TurboTax accurate calculations and maximum refund guarantees.
  • #1 rated online tax prep provider: Based on independent comparison of the best online tax software by TopTenReviews.com January 29, 2018.
  • Get tips from Turbo based on your tax and credit data to help get you to where you want to be: Tax and credit data accessed upon your consent.
  • TURBOTAX GUARANTEES

  • 100% Accurate Calculations Guarantee: If you pay an IRS or state penalty or interest because of a TurboTax calculation error, we’ll pay you the penalty and interest.
  • Maximum Refund Guarantee - or Your Money Back: If you get a larger refund or smaller tax due from another tax preparation method, we'll refund the applicable TurboTax federal and/or state purchase price paid. TurboTax Online Free Edition customers are entitled to payment of $14.99 and a refund of your state purchase price paid.
  • 100% Accurate Expert Approved Guarantee: If you pay an IRS or state penalty (or interest) because of an error that a TurboTax CPA, EA, or Tax Attorney made while providing topic-specific tax advice, a section review, or acting as a signed preparer for your return, we'll pay you the penalty and interest.
  • Audit Support Guarantee: If you received an audit letter based on your 2018 TurboTax return and are not satisfied with how we responded to your inquiry, we’ll refund the applicable TurboTax federal 1040 and/or state purchase price you paid. TurboTax Free Edition customers are entitled to payment of $14.99 and a refund of your state purchase price paid. We will not represent you or provide legal advice. Excludes TurboTax Business.
  • TurboTax Free Guarantee: $0 Federal + $0 State + $0 To File offer is available for simple tax returns with TurboTax Free Edition. A simple tax return is Form 1040 only, with no attached schedules.
  • Satisfaction Guaranteed:
    • If you use TurboTax Online or Mobile:
      Satisfaction Guaranteed — or you don't pay. You may use TurboTax Online without charge up to the point you decide to print or electronically file your tax return. Printing or electronically filing your return reflects your satisfaction with TurboTax Online, at which time you will be required to pay or register for the product.
    • If you bought or downloaded TurboTax from a retailer:
      Try TurboTax software. If you're not satisfied, return it to Intuit within 60 days of purchase with your dated receipt for a full refund.
    • If you bought or downloaded TurboTax directly from us:
      Try TurboTax software. If you're not satisfied, return it within 60 days of shipment with your dated receipt for a full refund (excluding shipping & handling).
  • TURBOTAX CD/DOWNLOAD

  • TurboTax CD/Download products: Price includes tax preparation and printing of federal tax returns and free federal e-file of up to 5 federal tax returns. Additional fees apply for e-filing state returns. E-file fees do not apply to New York state returns. Savings and price comparison based on anticipated price increase. Prices subject to change without notice.
  • Fastest refund possible: Fastest tax refund with e-file and direct deposit; tax refund time frames will vary.
  • Pay for TurboTax out of your federal refund: A $X.XX Refund Processing Service fee applies to this payment method. Prices are subject to change without notice. This benefit is available with TurboTax Federal products except TurboTax Business.
  • About our TurboTax Product Experts: Customer service and product support vary by time of year.
  • #1 best-selling tax software: Based on aggregated sales data for all tax year 2017 TurboTax products.
  • Data Import: Imports financial data from participating companies; may require a free Intuit online account. Quicken and QuickBooks import not available with TurboTax installed on a Mac. Imports from Quicken (2016 and higher) and QuickBooks Desktop (2014 and higher); both Windows only. Quicken import not available for TurboTax Business. Quicken products provided by Quicken Inc., Quicken import subject to change.