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¿Qué son las auditorías fiscales?

Updated for Tax Year 2017


OVERVIEW

Una auditoría fiscal es un examen de tu declaración de impuestos por el IRS para verificar que tus ingresos y deducciones son correctos.


Una auditoría fiscal es cuando el IRS (Servicio de Rentas Internas) decide examinar tu declaración de impuestos un poco más de cerca y comprobar que tus ingresos y deducciones son correctos. Por lo general, tu declaración de impuestos es elegida para la auditoría cuando algo que has introducido en tu declaración está fuera de lo común. Hay tres tipos principales de auditorías del IRS: la auditoría por correo, la auditoría de oficina y la auditoría de campo.

Auditoría por correo

No importa qué tipo de auditoría el IRS decide llevar a cabo, recibirás la correspondiente notificación por correo. Una auditoría por correo es el tipo más simple de examen del IRS y no requiere que te reúnas con un auditor en persona. Por lo general, el IRS solicita documentación adicional para comprobar varios elementos que anotaste en tu declaración de impuestos. Por ejemplo, si reclamas $10.000 dólares en deducciones caritativas, el IRS te puede enviar una carta de solicitud de pruebas de tus donaciones. En general, la presentación de pruebas suficientes concluirá la auditoría en tu favor si el IRS está satisfecho.

Auditoría de oficina

Una auditoría de oficina es un tipo de auditoría personal que se lleva a cabo en una oficina local del IRS. Estas auditorías son típicamente más profundas que las auditorías por correo y por lo general incluyen el cuestionamiento por un oficial de auditoría sobre la información en tu declaración. Se te pide que lleves información específica a una oficina de auditoría, como los libros y registros para tu negocio o tus estados de cuenta bancaria y recibos personales. También tienes el derecho de traer a un contador o un abogado para que te represente en estas reuniones.

Auditoría de campo

La auditoría de campo es el más amplio tipo de examen que lleva a cabo el IRS. En estos casos, un agente del IRS llevará a cabo la auditoría en tu casa o lugar de trabajo. En general, las auditorías de campo se llevan a cabo cuando el IRS está cuestionando más de una deducción o dos. Una auditoría de campo es en general muy completa y cubrirá muchos, si no todos, los elementos de tu declaración.

Los posibles resultados de una auditoría

Hay tres posibles resultados de una auditoría del IRS. Si el IRS está satisfecho con tus explicaciones y la documentación que proporcionas, entonces no va a cambiar nada en tu declaración de impuestos. Si el IRS propone cambios a tu declaración de impuestos, puedes estar de acuerdo y aceptar los cambios o impugnar las apreciaciones efectuadas por el agente. Si estás de acuerdo, tendrás que firmar un informe de la revisión u otro formulario previsto por el IRS y establecer algún tipo de acuerdo de pagos. Si no estás de acuerdo con los hallazgos, se puede establecer una reunión con un administrador del IRS para examinar más a fondo tu caso o puedes pedir una reunión formal de apelaciones.

TurboTax te cubre

Al preparar tus impuestos con TurboTax, recibirás automáticamente nuestro Centro de Asistencia en auditoría, que te ayudará a entender por qué el IRS se pone en contacto contigo y cómo debes responder. Por un cargo adicional, también ofrecemos la protección adicional de la Defensa de Auditoría, que te proporciona la representación profesional en el caso de una auditoría; de esta manera, tú nunca tendrás que hablar con el IRS, si no lo deseas.

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