TurboTax / Tax Calculators & Tips / All Tax Guides / En Espanol / Cómo interpretar tablas de impuestos federales

Cómo interpretar tablas de impuestos federales

Updated for Tax Year 2016


Entender cómo usar las tablas de impuestos federales te hará más fácil calcular los impuestos que debes.

Para ayudar a los individuos a calcular sus ingresos gravables, cada año el Internal Revenue Service (IRS) publica tablas de impuestos en las instrucciones de tu declaración de impuestos y en la Publicación 17 de la IRS. Entender cómo utilizar estas tablas te ayudará a que te resulte más fácil calcular los impuestos que debes o también te puede ofrecer un estimado de tus adeudos fiscales futuros en caso de que necesites hacer un presupuesto para ello.

impuestos federales

Paso 1 - Determina tu estado civil

El IRS te permite elegir cualquier estado civil para el que seas elegible. Esto es importante ya que la cantidad de tu deducción estándar puede variar dependiendo del estado civil que elijas. En 2016, por ejemplo, los contribuyentes solteros pueden reclamar una deducción estándar de US$6.300; sin embargo, si tú también calificas para presentarte como jefe de familia, tu deducción aumenta a US$9.300.

Paso 2 – Calcular tu ingreso gravable

Tu ingreso gravable es generalmente igual a tu ingreso bruto menos la deducción estándar por tu estado civil o el total de tus deducciones detalladas. Reduce tu ingreso por las cantidades de otras deducciones para las que eres elegible para reclamar más las exenciones que puedas tomar por ti y tus dependientes para llegar a tu ingreso gravable.

Las calculadoras en línea como TaxCaster te pueden ayudar con esto. Además, cuando usas TurboTax para preparar tus impuestos, nosotros calcularemos tu ingreso gravable por ti.

Paso 3 – Determina tu nivel de ingreso

Ubica la tabla de impuestos de la versión más reciente de la Publicación 17 del IRS. Busca el nivel de ingreso que contenga tu ingreso gravable en la columna de la izquierda de la tabla. Por ejemplo, si tienes US$33.460, utilizarás el nivel de ingreso que oscila desde U$S33.450 hasta US$33.500.

Paso 4 – Identifica tu estado civil tributario

Averigua tu estado civil tributario en la fila superior de la tabla. Cada estado civil tiene una columna diferente por lo tanto asegúrate de usar la que sea para tu estado civil ya que si no tendrás una cantidad equivocada de impuestos que debes.

Paso 5 – Encuentra la cantidad de impuestos que debes

Encuentra dónde se intersectan la fila con tu ingreso y la columna para tu estado civil. Esta es la cantidad de impuesto que debes. Para este ejemplo, si eres soltero, deberás encontrar dónde se intersectan la columna de soltero y la que oscila desde US$34.450 hasta US$34.500.

Deja que TurboTax haga el trabajo

Los pasos de arriba son para calcular los impuestos a mano. Si utilizas TurboTax, simplemente te haremos algunas preguntas simples sobre cosas como tu ingreso, tu casa y tu situación familiar y haremos todo el cálculo por ti. No necesitas saber nada sobre nivel de impuestos o tablas de impuestos (nosotros determinaremos el mejor estado civil para que consigas el mayor reembolso de impuestos que merezcas).

Get every deduction you deserve

TurboTax Deluxe searches more than 350 tax deductions and credits so you get your maximum refund, guaranteed.

For only $54.99*
Start for Free

Looking for more information?

The above article is intended to provide generalized financial information designed to educate a broad segment of the public; it does not give personalized tax, investment, legal, or other business and professional advice. Before taking any action, you should always seek the assistance of a professional who knows your particular situation for advice on taxes, your investments, the law, or any other business and professional matters that affect you and/or your business.

Security is built into everything we do
Here's how
* Important Offer Details and Disclosures

  • Try for Free/Pay When You File: TurboTax online and mobile pricing is based on your tax situation and varies by product. Absolute Zero $0 federal (1040EZ/1040A) + $0 state offer only available with TurboTax Federal Free Edition; offer may change or end at any time without notice. Actual prices are determined at the time of print or e-file and are subject to change without notice. Savings and price comparisons based on anticipated price increase expected in March. Special discount offers may not be valid for mobile in-app purchases.
  • TurboTax Self-Employed ExpenseFinder: ExpenseFinder™ is available year round as a feature of QuickBooks Self-Employed (available with TurboTax Self-Employed, see the “QuickBooks Self-Employed Offer with TurboTax Self-Employed” details below.) ExpenseFinder™ expected late January (late February for mobile app). ExpenseFinder™ not available from within TurboTax Self-Employed for people with certain types of expenses and tax situations including paying contractors or employees, home office or vehicle actuals, inventory, self employed health insurance or retirement, asset depreciation, sale of property or vehicles, and farm income. Availability of historical transactions for import may vary by financial institution. Not available for all financial institutions or all credit cards.
  • QuickBooks Self-Employed Offer with TurboTax Self-Employed: File your 2016 TurboTax Self-Employed return by 4/18/17 and receive your complimentary subscription to QuickBooks Self-Employed until 4/30/18. Activation required. Sign in to QuickBooks Self-Employed by 7/15/17 via mobile app or at https://selfemployed.intuit.com/turbotax; e-mail address used for activation and sign-in. Offer valid only for new QuickBooks Self-Employed customers. See QuickBooks.com for price comparison.
    • When you use TurboTax Self-Employed to file your 2017 taxes, you will have the option to renew your QuickBooks Self-Employed subscription. If you do not purchase TurboTax Self-Employed by 4/18/18, you will have the option of renewing your QuickBooks Self-Employed subscription by 4/30/18 for another year at the then-current annual subscription rate. You may cancel your subscription at any time from within the QuickBooks Self-Employed billing section.
  • Pays for itself (TurboTax Self-Employed): Estimates based on deductible business expenses calculated at the self-employment tax income rate (15%) for tax year 2016. Actual results will vary based on your tax situation.
  • Anytime, anywhere: Internet access required; standard message and data rates apply to download and use mobile app.
  • Fastest refund possible: Fastest tax refund with e-file and direct deposit; tax refund time frames will vary.
  • Pay for TurboTax out of your federal refund: $X.XX Refund Processing Service fee applies to this payment method. Prices are subject to change without notice.
  • TurboTax Expert Help, Tax Advice and SmartLook: Included with Deluxe, Premier and Self-Employed (via phone or on-screen); not included with Federal Free Edition (but available for purchase with the Plus bundle). SmartLook on-screen help is available on a PC, laptop or the TurboTax mobile app. TurboTax experts provide general advice, customer service and product help; tax advice provided only by credentialed CPAs, enrolled agents and tax attorneys. Feature availability varies by device. State tax advice is free. Service, area of expertise, experience levels, hours of operation and availability vary, and are subject to restriction and change without notice.
  • Tax Return Access, My Docs and My Analysis & Advice features: Access to all tax-related documents we have on file for you is available until you file your 2017 tax return or through 10/31/2018, whichever comes first. Terms and conditions may vary and are subject to change without notice.
  • #1 best-selling tax software: Based on aggregated sales data for all tax year 2015 TurboTax products.
  • Most Popular: TurboTax Deluxe is our most popular product among TurboTax Online users with more complex tax situations.
  • CompleteCheck: Covered under the TurboTax accurate calculations and maximum refund guarantees.
  • #1 rated online tax prep provider: Based on independent comparison of the best online tax software by TopTenReviews.com March 13, 2017.

  • TurboTax CD/Download products: Price includes tax preparation and printing of federal tax returns and free federal e-file of up to 5 federal tax returns. Additional fees apply for e-filing state returns. E-file fees do not apply to New York state returns. Savings and price comparison based on anticipated price increase expected in March. Prices subject to change without notice.
  • Fastest refund possible: Fastest tax refund with e-file and direct deposit; tax refund time frames will vary.
  • Pay for TurboTax out of your federal refund: $X.XX Refund Processing Service fee applies to this payment method. Prices are subject to change without notice. This benefit is available with TurboTax Federal products except TurboTax Business.
  • About our TurboTax Product Experts: Customer service and product support vary by time of year.
  • About our credentialed tax experts: Live tax advice via phone is included with Premier and Home & Business; fees apply for Basic and Deluxe customers. State tax advice is free. Service, experience levels, hours of operation and availability vary, and are subject to restriction and change without notice. Not available for TurboTax Business customers.
  • #1 best-selling tax software: Based on aggregated sales data for all tax year 2015 TurboTax products.
  • Data Import: Imports financial data from participating companies. Quicken and QuickBooks import not available with TurboTax installed on a Mac. Imports from Quicken (2015 and higher) and QuickBooks Desktop (2011 and higher); both Windows only. Quicken import not available for TurboTax Business. Quicken products provided by Quicken Inc., Quicken import subject to change.