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Razones para presentar una extensión en tus impuestos federales

Updated for Tax Year 2017


OVERVIEW

El IRS cada año te concede una extensión automática de seis meses para presentar tus impuestos, siempre que completes el formulario 4868.


Tradicionalmente, las declaraciones de impuestos federales vencen el 15 de abril o el primer día hábil siguiente. Sin embargo, el IRS (siglas en inglés de Servicio de Impuestos Internos) cada año te concede una extensión automática de seis meses para presentar tus impuestos, siempre que completes el formulario 4868. Las razones comunes para solicitar una extensión incluyen falta de organización, acontecimientos imprevistos o por fines de planificación fiscal. Incluso aunque obtengas una extensión para la presentación, igualmente debes pagar tu impuesto sobre la renta en su totalidad el 15 de abril.

razones para presentar una extension en tus impuestos federales

Documentación fiscal incompleta

Como el gobierno federal te garantizará una extensión sólo por pedirlo, puedes tomar ventaja de este tiempo adicional para asegurarte de que tu declaración es exacta. Por ejemplo, si has perdido el W-2 que te envió tu empleador y estás esperando a que llegue un duplicado, es mejor que presentes la extensión mientras esperas dicho formulario. Si simplemente estimas tu ingreso, es probable que tengas que hacer correcciones de algún modo en el futuro.

Acontecimientos de vida imprevistos

Incluso si tienes la intención de presentar tu declaración de impuestos el 15 de abril, a veces los acontecimientos de la vida interfieren con la capacidad para presentarla. Si tienes un fallecimiento o una enfermedad en tu familia o eres víctima de un desastre natural, probablemente no puedas presentar las cosas a tiempo. Aunque el IRS no necesita una explicación cuando solicitas una extensión, no hay razón para preparar tu declaración de impuestos a las corridas si otros problemas han atrapado tu atención.

Conversiones IRA

A veces tomarse un poco más de tiempo para presentar tu declaración de impuestos puede ser una decisión estratégica para ayudarte a obtener más ahorro fiscal. Por ejemplo, si conviertes tu IRA tradicional (Inversiones en Cuentas para el Retiro) en un IRA Roth debes pagar impuestos sobre el balance total de la cuenta al momento de la conversión. Sin embargo, el IRS te permite “recaracterizar” tu IRA Roth nuevamente a un IRA tradicional en cualquier momento antes de que presentes tu declaración de impuestos, lo que te permite evitar pagar impuestos sobre el balance. Como esta conversión puede llevar algo de tiempo, solicitando una extensión en la presentación puede eliminar tu obligación de pagar el impuesto.

Sanciones por demoras en el pago

Sin importar cuándo presentes tu declaración de impuestos, si no pagas el impuesto que debes en el tiempo original de presentación del mismo, las sanciones del IRS pueden ser severas. El IRS te cargará con el uno y medio por ciento cada mes sobre la cantidad de impuesto que aún debes después del vencimiento.

Si no puedes presentar una declaración en conjunto a la fecha de extensión, la sanción del IRS aumenta al 5 por ciento por mes, hasta una sanción máxima del 25 por ciento. Una forma fácil de evitar la sanción es hacer un pago de impuesto con tu tarjeta de crédito antes de la fecha de vencimiento. Cuando lo haces, este método de pago sirve como solicitud de extensión y no tendrás que presentar el formulario 4868.

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The above article is intended to provide generalized financial information designed to educate a broad segment of the public; it does not give personalized tax, investment, legal, or other business and professional advice. Before taking any action, you should always seek the assistance of a professional who knows your particular situation for advice on taxes, your investments, the law, or any other business and professional matters that affect you and/or your business.


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