Here are five tried-and-true ways to reduce your tax liability at tax time. Pay no more than you owe, or even increase your tax refund.
While Americans may disagree on how their taxes are spent, at tax time, most of us are looking for ways to pay no more than we owe, or even boost our tax refunds. These five strategies go beyond the obvious to give you tried-and-true ways to reduce your tax liability.
Rethink filing status to boost your refund
One of the first decisions you make when completing your tax return - choosing a filing status - can affect your refund's size, especially if you're married. While most married couples file jointly—approximately 96 percent do each year—a joint return is not always the most beneficial way to boost your refund. Married Filing Separately status requires more effort, but the time you invest offers tax savings under the right circumstances. Calculating your taxes both ways will point you in the higher refund direction. When you use TurboTax, we’ll do this calculation for you and recommend the best filing status.
The IRS uses a percentage of adjusted gross income or "AGI" to determine whether some deductions can be claimed. Filing separately gives each spouse a lower AGI. If one of them has a lot of medical expenses, such as COBRA payments resulting from a job loss, computing taxes individually can allow for a larger deduction. However, choosing to file separate returns has drawbacks, such as losing other deductions available to joint filers, which you must weigh to maximize your refund potential.
Tax Reform did make one benefit fully available to separately filing spouses -- the Child Tax Credit. The full credit, doubled to $2,000 per child for 2018, can now be claimed by a separate filer with under $200,000 in AGI.
Unmarried taxpayers who claim a qualifying dependent can cut their tax bill by filing as Head of Household. Though dependency exemptions were eliminated by Tax Reform, this filing status still enjoys a higher standard deduction and more favorable tax brackets than filing as Single. A qualifying dependent can be a child you supported financially and who lived with you for more than six months. Or it can be an elderly parent you supported.
Many taxpayers who care for elderly parents do not realize they can claim head of household status. If you provide more than half your parent’s financial support – even if your parent doesn’t live with you – then you can file as Head of Household.
Don't shy away from tax deductions
Did you know the miles you drive for charitable or medical purposes are deductible? If you itemize deductions, they’re worth 18 cents per mile for 2018. The medical miles are subject to an overall AGI threshold for total medical expenses, but the charity miles are fully deductible. So if you drove 50 miles per week to volunteer for a charity in 2018, that’s an additional $450 deduction! If you’re in the 22% tax bracket, that’s an extra $100 in your pocket.
As with any deduction, good recordkeeping is a must. Nothing fancy is required – even a spiral notebook in your glove compartment where you track the date, miles, and medical or charitable purpose of each trip is fine. Also keep track of monetary donations and the market value of any in-kind donations such as clothing and household goods. Be sure you also track the dollars you spend in order to do charity work. For example, when you bake for a fund-raiser the cost of your ingredients can be deducted, though not the value of the time you spent baking.
Maximize your IRA and HSA contributions
You have until the April 15th filing deadline (unless delayed due to a weekend or holiday) to open or contribute to a traditional IRA for the previous tax year. That means you can make a contribution that counts for your 2018 return by April 15, 2019. That gives you the flexibility of claiming the credit on your return, filing early and using your refund to open the account. Traditional IRA contributions reduce your taxable income. You can take advantage of the maximum contribution and, if you're at least 50 years old, the catch-up provision, to add to your IRA. And though contributions to a Roth IRA don't give you a deduction, they still qualify for the valuable Saver's Credit if you meet income guidelines.
If you are self-employed, you have until October 15 to contribute to a SEP IRA, provided you file an extension.
After-tax contributions to a Health Savings Account or “HSA" will also reduce your taxable income. These can be made up until the normal April filing deadline as well. Certain requirements must be met in order to open and contribute to an HSA.
Timing can boost your tax refund
Taxpayers who watch the calendar improve their chances of getting a larger refund. If you can, pay January's mortgage payment before December 31st and get the added interest for your mortgage interest deduction.
Schedule health-related treatments and exams in the last quarter of the year to boost your medical expense deduction potential.
Become credit savvy and refund happy
Credits usually work better than deductions as refund boosters. That’s because they are a dollar-for-dollar reduction of your taxes. If you get a $100 credit you get $100 off your taxes. There are special situations where a deduction provides a better benefit, which TurboTax will alert you to. Yet many American leave money on the table when it comes to claiming tax credits. Did you know that 20% of eligible Americans don't claim the Earned Income Tax Credit? If you're working and meet the guidelines, you may be eligible for the EITC even if you're single with no children. If you have kids, it pays to claim the Dependent and Child Care Credit.
If you're supporting a child in college, you may be eligible to claim valuable education credits. Or your child can claim the credit, even if they have little to no income. “The American Opportunity Credit is great because up to $1,000 is refundable. That means you could receive as much as $1,000 even if you had no tax liability," says Miles Brkovich, a CPA with Bennett & Brkovich, LLC in Latrobe, Pennsylvania. " The total credit is $2,500 and applies only to the first four years of undergraduate higher education expenses. If you're in grad school or beyond, you may be eligible for the Lifetime Learning Credit."
Get every deduction
TurboTax Deluxe searches more than 350 tax deductions and credits so you get your maximum refund, guaranteed.