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Tax Return Filing and Payment Extensions for the Military

Updated for Tax Year 2019


OVERVIEW

The Internal Revenue Service recognizes the fact that members of the United States armed forces are often deployed outside of the U.S. at tax time and gives many military and support personnel an extension on their tax deadlines.


 

UPDATE: The Treasury recently announced tax changes and updates in response to COVID-19. Updates include an extension until July 15, 2020 for all taxpayers that have a filing or payment deadline that normally falls on or after April 1, 2020 and before July 1, 2020. Please see the latest information on tax deadlines and stimulus updates related to COVID-19 on the TurboTax Coronavirus Tax Center and detailed information about federal and state tax changes on our Coronavirus blog post.

 

military family taking a selfie

Members of the United States armed forces are often deployed outside of the U.S. when tax time rolls around. This can make it difficult to file a tax return or make tax payments on time. The Internal Revenue Service recognizes this fact and gives many military and support personnel an extension on their tax deadlines.

Military service that qualifies for extensions

Members of the U.S. Armed Forces qualify for tax extensions when:

  • Serving in a combat zone
  • Serving outside of a combat zone, in direct support of military operations in a combat zone
  • On deployment while participating in a contingency operation
  • Hospitalized outside of the U.S. due to an injury or disease contracted while serving in a combat zone or contingency operation
  • Missing in action or a prisoner of war as a result of serving in a combat zone or contingency operation

The president designates areas as combat zones by executive order. Combat zones are areas where the Armed Forces have engaged or are engaging in combat. Contingency operations are designated by the secretary of defense or by a call to duty that results from Congress or the president declaring war or a national emergency.

Deadlines that are extended

The military extension affects the deadlines for several tax-related actions, including:

  • Filing tax returns, including income and employment returns
  • Making tax payments, including income and employment taxes
  • Making a qualified contribution to an IRA account
  • Filing for a tax refund or claiming a credit
  • Responding to IRS notices and inquiries

Length of extensions

The extension related to military service is 180 days from the last day of qualifying service or hospitalization, plus the number of days you had left to file when you began qualifying service.

For example,

  • If you began serving in a combat zone on July 1, 2019 you had 15 days until your tax year 2019 filing deadline on July 15, 2020 (normally April 15 but extended until July 15 in 2020).
  • You will then have 195 days from your last day of service to file the 2019 return and pay any taxes due, or 180 days plus the 15 remaining from July 1, 2020 to July 15, 2020.

Extensions for support personnel

Non-military people working in a combat zone or contingency operation to support the armed forces also qualify for the military tax extensions. Qualifying individuals include:

  • Red Cross personnel
  • Merchant marines serving on Department of Defense-controlled vessels
  • Correspondents with accreditation
  • Civilians working under the direction of the armed forces

Extensions for spouses and dependents

If you qualify for an extension, your spouse and dependents also qualify.

  • You do not have to file a joint return. Your spouse will qualify even if you file separate returns.
  • The spouse and dependent exemption does not apply while you are hospitalized within the U.S. for a qualifying service-related injury.
  • The exemption does not apply to the tax year that starts two years after an area where you qualified for the extension ceases to be a combat zone or contingency operation.

Enlisted active duty and reserve military can enjoy TurboTax Online for free

In honor of our nation's military personnel, all enlisted active duty and reserve military can file free federal and state taxes with TurboTax Online using the TurboTax Military Discount. The #1 best-selling tax software, TurboTax easily handles military tax situations including:

  • Military and civilian income—including combat pay, BAS and BAH
  • Military-related expenses—TurboTax will find every deduction you deserve
  • Completed a PCS—TurboTax will determine your state of residence

Simply start your TurboTax Online return and use your military W-2 to verify rank, and your savings will be applied when you file. Get started today for free.

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