true
  • Meet Claudell, one of our tax experts.
    TurboTax Live Assisted Basic
    File 100% FREE with expert help: Get live help from tax experts, plus a final review before you file — all free.
    Simple tax returns only.
    See if you qualify. Must file by 3/31.
Top

What Is a Schedule A IRS form?

Updated for Tax Year 2022 • December 1, 2022 09:21 AM


OVERVIEW

The Internal Revenue Service offers every taxpayer the option to itemize their deductions or to claim the standard deduction. The standard deduction amount varies depending on your filing status. However, if you have significant deductible expenses during the year, the total of which is greater than your standard deduction, you can itemize by reporting the expenses on Schedule A.


Woman wearing eyeglasses uses a tablet in a coffee shop

Purpose of Schedule A

Schedule A is required in any year you choose to itemize your deductions. The schedule has seven categories of expenses: medical and dental expenses, taxes, interest, gifts to charity, casualty and theft losses, job expenses and certain miscellaneous expenses. Beginning in 2018, miscellaneous expenses are no longer deductible. Each of these categories has different requirements and limitations on the amount you can deduct.

Preparing the Schedule A

When you prepare the Schedule A, you do not have to complete every line or include expenses in each category; just those that you are eligible to claim. Although many taxpayers have deductions for each category, having just one deductible expense may be sufficient to justify itemizing. For example, the mortgage interest deduction alone can be quite significant and by itself, be greater than the standard deduction. When you are done filling out the schedule and applying the specific limitations, you then transfer your total deduction to Form 1040.

When you use TurboTax, we’ll ask simple questions about your deductions and fill out the Schedule A for you.

Comparison to the standard deduction

Using Schedule A to itemize your deductions allows you to claim a number of personal expenses; however, it may not make financial sense to do so since you give up the standard deduction. In 2022 for example, the standard deduction for a single taxpayer is $12,950. If you have $1,000 in charitable donations and pay $2,000 of mortgage interest during the year, your itemized deductions are only $3,000. In this case, you can save more in income taxes by claiming the standard deduction instead of itemizing.

Schedule A tips

Keeping accurate and detailed financial records of your expenses during the year can reduce the amount of time you spend preparing the Schedule A and may also be helpful when evaluating the deductibility of each expense. Some itemized deductions, such as property and sales taxes, are often overlooked. For example, not only can you deduct property taxes on your home, but also on the boats and mobile homes you own. Beginning in 2018, the deduction for state and local taxes is limited to $10,000 per year.

In addition, you can deduct either state income tax or state sales tax that you pay, but not both. For purposes of calculating your sales tax deduction, retaining receipts for all purchases you make during the year is imperative to maximizing your tax savings although or you can claim the amount from the IRS sales tax tables instead.

Let an expert do your taxes for you, start to finish with TurboTax Live Full Service. Or you can get your taxes done right, with experts by your side with TurboTax Live Assisted. File your own taxes with confidence using TurboTax. Just answer simple questions, and we’ll guide you through filing your taxes with confidence. Whichever way you choose, get your maximum refund guaranteed.

File 100% FREE with expert help

Get live help from tax experts plus a final review with Live Assisted Basic.

For simple tax returns only.
See if you qualify.
Must file by 3/31.

$89$0*
State included

Get your max refund

Answer simple questions about your life and TurboTax Free Edition will take care of the rest.

For simple tax returns only
See if you qualify

Looking for more information?