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Are Energy-Efficient Appliances Tax Deductible?

Updated for Tax Year 2021 • December 2, 2021 04:41 PM


OVERVIEW

In past years, as an incentive to conserve energy at home, the federal government has offered tax credits to homeowners who purchase energy-efficient appliances. The program is known as Energy Star. However, beginning in 2012, the program has mostly expired except for credits geared at the production of residential energy. Learn more about this program and how you may benefit from it.


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A mother and her young daughter prepare food together in their kitchen.

Since the 1970s, the government has been encouraging Americans to conserve energy, and for good reason. Conserving energy can help reduce our country’s dependence on foreign oil, helps the environment and can save us money. As an incentive to conserve energy at home, the federal government offers tax credits to homeowners who purchase energy-saving improvements. The program is known as Energy Star.

The Energy Star program

The EPA and the Department of Energy have worked together on Energy Star since 1996, in order to promote home and business energy efficiency. According to Energy Star's website, the use of Energy Star approved products—windows, heating and air-conditioning systems and insulation, for instance—saved homeowners billions of dollars since the inception of the program and avoided greenhouse gas emissions equivalent to millions of cars.

Equipment that qualifies for energy tax credits

Installing alternative energy equipment in your home such as solar panels and geothermal heat pumps, can qualify you for a credit equal to 30% of your total cost. The full credit is available through the end of 2019. After that, the percentage steps down and then stops at the end of 2023.

Qualifying equipment includes solar-powered units that generate electricity, energy-producing wind fans and geothermal heat pumps. The credit is only available for improvements you make to your primary home. If you are adding solar panels to your summer house, you won’t get a tax break for it.

Filing for energy tax credits on your tax return

To claim the credit, you'll need IRS Form 5695. Work out the credit amount on that form then enter it on your 1040. You should keep your receipt for the appliance as well as the Manufacturer's Certification Statement, so you can prove your claim if the IRS ever conducts an audit.

Just remember, you can reduce your taxes with the energy tax credit, but you can't get money back. In other words, if you owe $2,200 and your credit is $3,400, you can only claim $2,200 this year. However, with the credit involving turbines and heat pumps, the remaining $1,200 could be carried over to the following year.

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