This article will explain which taxpayers might need to complete a Schedule 2 and offer guidance on how to fill out this form.
For various reasons, tax forms are constantly changing. Your annual income tax return is no exception: While you may have filling out Form 1040 in mind, you may also need to report certain income on an additional form, or schedule. Here's what to know about the current Form 1040 Schedule 2.
Prior to tax year 2018, there were three choices for 1040 Forms: 1040, 1040EZ, and 1040A. To simplify things, the IRS created a simplified Form 1040 with several schedules. These schedules are additional documents that are attached to Form 1040 to provide any information that's no longer included directly on Form 1040. After listening to feedback from tax professionals, the IRS condensed some of the schedules into a revised Form 1040 Schedule 2 for tax year 2019 and later.
What is IRS Form Schedule 2?
Form 1040 Schedule 2 includes two parts: "Tax" and "Other Taxes." Taxpayers who need to complete this form include:
- High-income taxpayers who owe alternative minimum tax (AMT)
- Taxpayers who need to repay a portion of a tax credit for the health insurance marketplace
- Taxpayers who owe taxes in addition to standard income taxes such as self-employment taxes
If you fill out Schedule 2, you'll attach it to Form 1040, Form 1040-SR, or Form 1040-NR.
Part I – Taxes
Prior to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, this "Tax" section was included on lines 45 and 46 of Form 1040. This information is now included on lines 1 and 2 of Form 1040 Schedule 2. There are only three lines in this part:
- If you owe AMT, which applies to high-income taxpayers, you'll record that amount here. You must also complete and attach Form 6251.
- If you received an advance premium tax credit for health insurance, this line is where you'll note any excess advance premium tax credit repayment. You'll complete and attach Form 8962 to determine the amount, if any, that should be entered.
- On this line, you'll enter the total of lines 1 and 2. You'll also enter this total on Form 1040, Form 1040-SR, or Form 1040-NR, line 17.
Part II – Other Taxes
The Part II portion of Schedule 2 includes information that was previously collected on Schedule 4 in tax year 2018. Prior to that, this information was collected on lines 57 through 62 of Form 1040. This part has seven lines:
- If you're self-employed, this line is where you'll enter the amount you owe in self-employment taxes. This is the total you owe for Social Security and Medicare taxes and is calculated on Schedule SE, which you should also complete and attach.
- If you received income from an employer that didn't withhold Social Security or Medicare taxes, you'll report that amount here. You also need to complete and attach Form 4137 for unreported tips or Form 8919 for uncollected taxes.
- If you received early distributions, taxable distributions, or made excess contributions to or from certain retirement plans or tax-favored accounts, you'll enter that amount here. You should complete and attach Form 5329 if required. Note that the requirement to take a minimum required distribution has been waived for tax year 2020.
7a. If you paid a household employee such as a nanny or home health aide, you'll need to fill out Schedule H to determine whether you owe household employment taxes. If you do, you'll enter that on this line, and you'll attach Schedule H.
7b. If you received the first-time homebuyer credit in 2008 and are still repaying it, you should enter the amount still owed here. You'll also complete and attach Form 5405.
- On this line, you'll enter the amount you owe for any taxes that aren't reported elsewhere on your Form 1040 or other schedules. For instance, if you owe additional Medicare taxes, you'll fill out Form 8959 and enter that amount here. If you owe net investment income tax, you'll fill out Form 8960 and enter that amount here.
- If you have deferred foreign income from certain foreign corporations, you'll report that amount as additional income here. You'll also fill out and attach Form 9650A.
- On this line, you'll enter the total of lines 4 through 8. This amount should also be entered on Form 1040; Form 1040-SR, line 23; or Form 1040-NR, line 23b.
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