Each state is free to choose where to spend tax revenue. Here are some common uses.
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Taxes are an important part of every person’s life, and where and how they’re spent influence a region or locale’s quality of living.
Although states receive federal assistance for many programs, each state is also responsible for raising revenue through taxes. While not all states levy a personal income tax on state residents, other taxes such as sales taxes also contribute to state revenue.
Each state is free to choose where to spend tax revenue, with the most common uses being education, health care, transportation, corrections and low income assistance
According to the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, an average of about 26 percent of state spending goes towards public K-12 education, about $260 billion for 2012. States typically allocate education expenditures to local school districts for distribution rather than paying expenses directly.
On average, an additional 13 percent of state expenditures fund higher education, including vocational institutions, community colleges and university systems. In fiscal 2012 this equaled about $130 billion nationwide.
Health care allocation
The next largest average state expenditure is on Medicaid programs, amounting to about $130 billion in fiscal year 2012.
State health care expenditures primarily fund Medicaid and the Children's Health Insurance Program or CHIP. In an average month, more than 45 million children, parents, elderly and disabled persons benefit from these programs.
State transportation expenses include funding for public transit systems, such as light rail, and infrastructure spending, including building and repairing roads and bridges. On average, states expend about 5 percent of their budgets for transportation projects, or about $50 billion.
In addition to state prison costs, corrections expenses include juvenile justice programs and parole programs. Total corrections expenditures approximate $50 billion per year nationwide, or about 5 percent of state budgets.
At about 1 percent of state spending, low income assistance programs take up a small amount of state budgets. These programs, totaling about $10 billion annually, include both the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families program, as well as general assistance given in addition to low income health care programs.
While no remaining state programs claim a large individual percentage of state budgets, additional programs overall consume about 37 percent of state budgets on a nationwide basis.
Included in this category are:
- Expenditures for state police
- Environmental programs
- Health benefits for public employees
- Care for residents with disabilities
- Parks and recreation
- Economic development
- General aid to local governments