TurboTax / Tax Calculators & Tips / All Tax Guides / En Espanol / Video: Deducciones para los Desempleados

Video: Deducciones para los Desempleados

Updated for Tax Year 2016


OVERVIEW

Si estás preparando tu declaración de impuestos como desempleado, conoce las diferentes deducciones que te pueden ayudar para obtener todas las exenciones de impuestos posibles.


Hola, soy Adrianna, de Turbo Tax, y tengo información interesante sobre las deducciones impositivas que los desempleados pueden aprovechar.

Perder un trabajo y atravesar un periodo sin conseguir otro puede ser increíblemente estresante, sobre todo si consideras que aún tienes que pagar impuestos sobre el paquete indemnizatorio y sobre los días de enfermedad y de vacaciones sin usar que hayan sido pagados por tu empleador. Además, cualquier tipo de compensación que recibas por estar desempleado deberá ser informada en la declaración. Pero hay un conjunto de gastos que podrás ser capaz de deducir este año por el hecho de estar sin trabajo.

Buscar trabajo no siempre es económico. A veces tendrás que contratar a un reclutador o a una agencia laboral para que te ayuden en tu búsqueda, pagar por usar una computadora para que puedas averiguar qué trabajos se ofrecen y para escribir tu currículum vitae; y también tienes que considerar los costos de imprimir y enviar el currículum. Por fortuna, todos estos gastos pueden ser deducibles en tu declaración.

Cuando viajes lejos de casa para encontrarte con eventuales empleadores o para asistir a entrevistas de trabajo, podrás deducir los costos que destinas en hoteles, en el transporte para ir y para volver, y parte del dinero que gastas en comida.

Y si decides mantener tu seguro de salud y pagar todas las primas por ti mismo, el dinero adicional que gastes cuando estés desempleado, junto a la reducción producida en tus ingresos, podría permitirte deducir una parte de las primas.

Si el mercado laboral en la zona en donde vives no es favorable y decides reubicarte en un lugar donde tienes más oportunidades, el Servicio de Rentas Internas te permitirá deducir todos tus gastos de mudanza, tales como el costo de contratar al personal de mudanza o de alquilar una camioneta que haga el trabajo, el costo de las rentas para almacenar tus pertenencias personales y todo el costo de transporte que efectúes para llegar a tu nuevo hogar.

Para deducir los gastos de mudanza tendrás que trabajar a tiempo completo por al menos 39 semanas durante los primeros 12 meses luego de que te hayas reubicado. Esto significa que si no comienzas a buscar trabajo antes de que te mudes, dispondrás de 13 semanas para encontrar y comenzar un trabajo y poder calificar para la deducción. Una cosa importante a tener en cuenta es que tu mudanza sólo es deducible si el trabajo que obtienes se encuentra a 50 millas (80 kilómetros) más lejos de tu antigua casa en comparación con la distancia de tu anterior trabajo con respecto a esa misma casa.

Sin importar si estás considerando pagar o si estás considerando obtener un gran reembolso en tus impuestos, TurboTax te guiará paso a paso para ayudarte a obtener todas las exenciones de impuestos posibles.

Para obtener más información sobre éste y otros temas impositivos, visita TurboTax.com

All you need to know is yourself

Just answer simple questions about your life, and TurboTax Federal Free will take care of the rest.

For only $0.00*
Sign In

Looking for more information?

The above article is intended to provide generalized financial information designed to educate a broad segment of the public; it does not give personalized tax, investment, legal, or other business and professional advice. Before taking any action, you should always seek the assistance of a professional who knows your particular situation for advice on taxes, your investments, the law, or any other business and professional matters that affect you and/or your business.


Security is built into everything we do
Here's how
* Important Offer Details and Disclosures
  • TURBOTAX ONLINE/MOBILE

  • Try for Free/Pay When You File: TurboTax online and mobile pricing is based on your tax situation and varies by product. Absolute Zero $0 federal (1040EZ/1040A) + $0 state offer only available with TurboTax Federal Free Edition; offer may change or end at any time without notice. Actual prices are determined at the time of print or e-file and are subject to change without notice. Savings and price comparisons based on anticipated price increase expected in March. Special discount offers may not be valid for mobile in-app purchases.
  • QuickBooks Self-Employed Offer with TurboTax Self-Employed: File your 2016 TurboTax Self-Employed return between 4/19/17 and 10/16/17 to receive your complimentary subscription to QuickBooks Self-Employed until 10/31/18. Activation by 12/31/17 required. Sign in to QuickBooks Self-Employed via mobile app or at https://selfemployed.intuit.com/turbotax; e-mail address used for activation and sign-in. Offer valid only for new QuickBooks Self-Employed customers. See QuickBooks.com for price comparison.
    • When you use TurboTax Self-Employed to file your 2017 taxes, you will have the option to renew your QuickBooks Self-Employed subscription. If you do not purchase TurboTax Self-Employed by 10/15/18, you will have the option of renewing your QuickBooks Self-Employed subscription by 10/31/18 for another year at the then-current annual subscription rate. You may cancel your subscription at any time from within the QuickBooks Self-Employed billing section.
  • Pays for itself (TurboTax Self-Employed): Estimates based on deductible business expenses calculated at the self-employment tax income rate (15%) for tax year 2016. Actual results will vary based on your tax situation.
  • Anytime, anywhere: Internet access required; standard message and data rates apply to download and use mobile app.
  • Fastest refund possible: Fastest tax refund with e-file and direct deposit; tax refund time frames will vary.
  • Pay for TurboTax out of your federal refund: $X.XX Refund Processing Service fee applies to this payment method. Prices are subject to change without notice.
  • TurboTax Expert Help, Tax Advice and SmartLook: Included with Deluxe, Premier and Self-Employed (via phone or on-screen); not included with Federal Free Edition (but available for purchase with the Plus bundle). SmartLook on-screen help is available on a PC, laptop or the TurboTax mobile app. TurboTax experts provide general advice, customer service and product help; tax advice provided only by credentialed CPAs, enrolled agents and tax attorneys. Feature availability varies by device. State tax advice is free. Service, area of expertise, experience levels, hours of operation and availability vary, and are subject to restriction and change without notice.
  • Tax Return Access, My Docs and My Analysis & Advice features: Access to all tax-related documents we have on file for you is available until you file your 2017 tax return or through 10/31/2018, whichever comes first. Terms and conditions may vary and are subject to change without notice.
  • #1 best-selling tax software: Based on aggregated sales data for all tax year 2015 TurboTax products.
  • Most Popular: TurboTax Deluxe is our most popular product among TurboTax Online users with more complex tax situations.
  • CompleteCheck: Covered under the TurboTax accurate calculations and maximum refund guarantees.
  • #1 rated online tax prep provider: Based on independent comparison of the best online tax software by TopTenReviews.com March 13, 2017.
  • TURBOTAX CD/DOWNLOAD SOFTWARE

  • TurboTax CD/Download products: Price includes tax preparation and printing of federal tax returns and free federal e-file of up to 5 federal tax returns. Additional fees apply for e-filing state returns. E-file fees do not apply to New York state returns. Savings and price comparison based on anticipated price increase expected in March. Prices subject to change without notice.
  • Fastest refund possible: Fastest tax refund with e-file and direct deposit; tax refund time frames will vary.
  • Pay for TurboTax out of your federal refund: $X.XX Refund Processing Service fee applies to this payment method. Prices are subject to change without notice. This benefit is available with TurboTax Federal products except TurboTax Business.
  • About our TurboTax Product Experts: Customer service and product support vary by time of year.
  • About our credentialed tax experts: Live tax advice via phone is included with Premier and Home & Business; fees apply for Basic and Deluxe customers. State tax advice is free. Service, experience levels, hours of operation and availability vary, and are subject to restriction and change without notice. Not available for TurboTax Business customers.
  • #1 best-selling tax software: Based on aggregated sales data for all tax year 2016 TurboTax products.
  • Data Import: Imports financial data from participating companies; may require a free Intuit online account. Quicken and QuickBooks import not available with TurboTax installed on a Mac. Imports from Quicken (2016 and higher) and QuickBooks Desktop (2012 and higher); both Windows only. Quicken import not available for TurboTax Business. Quicken products provided by Quicken Inc., Quicken import subject to change.