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Cómo detallar impuestos cuando reclamas dependientes

Updated for Tax Year 2016


OVERVIEW

Reclamar dependientes y detallar deducciones es una forma efectiva de ahorrar dinero en tus ingresos gravables. Cada dependiente que reclames te permite reducir tu ingreso gravable por una exención. Consigue una visión paso a paso de cómo tomar ventaja de detallar tus impuestos cuando reclamas dependientes en este artículo sobre consejos sobre impuestos.


Visión en conjunto

Reclamar dependientes y detallar deducciones es una forma efectiva de ahorrar dinero en tus ingresos gravables. Cada dependiente que reclames te permite reducir tu ingreso gravable por una exención. Y aunque detallar tus deducciones significa renunciar a la deducción estándar, siempre puedes elegir uno que te ofrezca el mayor ahorro impositivo. Cuando detallas, puedes deducir un número de gastos que incluyen facturas médicas y dentales, intereses hipotecarios y donaciones de caridad.

reclamas dependientes

Paso 1: Formulario 1040

Utiliza el formulario 1040 para presentar declaración de impuestos. Puedes utilizar el formulario 1040A para presentarlos si estás reclamando dependientes, pero no si también estás detallando deducciones.

Paso 2: Dependientes/Exenciones

Enumera todos los dependientes que estás reclamando en la primera página de tu formulario 1040. Deberás ingresar el nombre completo, el número de Seguro Social y la relación que mantiene contigo cada dependiente. En la segunda hoja de tu declaración de impuestos puedes solicitar una exención por cada dependiente de tu lista. La exención es una cantidad fija que generalmente aumenta cada año, y reduce tu ingreso gravable de la misma forma que lo hace un deducción.

Paso 3: Detalla tus deducciones

Utiliza el Listado A para detallar tus deducciones. Las instrucciones para la misma enumeran todos los tipos de gastos que puedes detallar. El listado requiere que informes cada gasto en una de las siete categorías. Cuando completas el Listado A, ten en cuenta que cada categoría de gastos puede tener limitaciones sobre la cantidad que puedes deducir.

Paso 4: Incluye las deducciones en la declaración de impuestos

Transfiere el total de deducciones detalladas a la segunda página de tu declaración de impuestos. Esta cantidad y tus exenciones se restan de tu ingreso bruto ajustado para llegar a tu ingreso gravable. La cantidad de ingreso final es el total sujeto a la tasa de impuestos sobre la renta.

Deja que TurboTax haga por ti el trabajo difícil

Los pasos anteriores son para calcular tus impuestos a mano. Si utilizas TurboTax, simplemente te haremos algunas preguntas simples sobre cosas como tu ingreso, tu casa y tu situación familiar y haremos todos los cálculos por ti. No necesitas saber nada sobre dependientes o exenciones (nosotros te diremos a qué deducciones calificas, llenaremos todos los formularios correctos y te ayudaremos a conseguir el reembolso de impuestos más grande que merezcas).

Cosas que necesitas

• Formulario 1040
• Lista A

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The above article is intended to provide generalized financial information designed to educate a broad segment of the public; it does not give personalized tax, investment, legal, or other business and professional advice. Before taking any action, you should always seek the assistance of a professional who knows your particular situation for advice on taxes, your investments, the law, or any other business and professional matters that affect you and/or your business.


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