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Cómo Lidiar Con Penalizaciones De Impuestos No Pagados

Updated for Tax Year 2016


OVERVIEW

Si no pagas tus impuestos cuando están vencidos, la deuda no desaparece. Incluso puede crecer, ya que acumula intereses y multas cada mes que sigue pendiente el pago. El IRS (siglas en inglés de Servicio de Impuestos Internos) continuará intentando cobrar el impuesto que debes, pero pueden estar dispuestos a perdonar o reducir los recargos si se puede demostrar que tienes un buen motivo.


Paso 1: Busca una reducción

Comprueba si tus circunstancias podrían darte derecho a una reducción. El IRS puede considerar perdonar las sanciones si tus razones para no pagar a tiempo se deben a circunstancias fuera de tu control, tales como una muerte en la familia, enfermedad, cárcel, un huracán o la destrucción de tus registros. Sin embargo, si tu única razón para no pagar es que no tienes fondos suficientes, el IRS no va a renunciar a las sanciones, ya que te hacen responsable de ahorrar dinero para los impuestos. Sin embargo, pueden considerar renunciar a las sanciones si has estado desempleado.

como lidiar con penalizaciones de impuestos no pagados

Paso 2: Reúne tus pruebas

Encuentra pruebas de tus reclamos para presentar al IRS. Si vives en una zona de desastre declarada por el gobierno federal para la cual el IRS está ofreciendo a los residentes exenciones de las sanciones, entonces reúne alguna prueba de que eres, de hecho, un residente de la zona. Si el motivo de no pagar se debe a que pasaste un tiempo en el hospital, entonces son útiles tus cuentas médicas o informes que puedan confirmar las fechas. Sin ningún tipo de prueba, es poco probable que el IRS considere renunciar o reducir tus penalidades.

Paso 3: Haz una solicitud de exención

Escribe una carta al IRS solicitando una exención de la penalidad. Indica la razón por la que no podías pagar y proporciona copias (nunca los originales) de los documentos que ofreces como prueba. Debes enviar la carta a la misma dirección del IRS que te notifica acerca de tus cargos de penalización. Si lo prefieres, también puedes hablar con un representante del IRS por teléfono.

Paso 4: Si al principio no tienes éxito, vuelve a intentarlo

Apela si el IRS rechaza tu solicitud. El IRS por lo general va a responder dentro de los 60 días de haber recibido tu solicitud. Si no estás satisfecho con su respuesta, siempre puedes escribir de nuevo con más información que les haga reconsiderar. Si la segunda carta aún no resuelve el problema, tienes el derecho de apelar la decisión del IRS de imponer sanciones. Esto te permite reunirte con un oficial imparcial de apelaciones que reconsidere todos tus hechos y circunstancias.

Consejos

* Si diriges una pequeña empresa y el empleado responsable de la presentación de tus declaraciones de impuestos y de los pagos renuncia, esto puede ser una razón válida para obtener una exención de penalidades si está cerca de la fecha límite de pago.
* En algunos casos, basarte en el asesoramiento de un contador que estaba equivocado, puede ser suficiente para que el IRS elimine tus penalidades.

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The above article is intended to provide generalized financial information designed to educate a broad segment of the public; it does not give personalized tax, investment, legal, or other business and professional advice. Before taking any action, you should always seek the assistance of a professional who knows your particular situation for advice on taxes, your investments, the law, or any other business and professional matters that affect you and/or your business.


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